Grand Cathedrals of Mexico
Located in the heart of the Historic Center of Mexico City, the Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary) is the biggest church in Latin America; it is also the seat of the of the world's largest Roman Catholic Diocese. Towering 220 feet above the main plaza, it took nearly three centuries (1525 to 1813) to finish. The amazingly long period is revealed in the various styles of its design and internal decorationg from Classical, Churrigueresque to Neo-classical. It has five main altars and 16 side chapels, all containing priceless collections of paintings, sculpture, and church furnishings.
The construction of the Guadalajara Cathedral (Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady) commenced shortly after the founding of the Guadalajara in 1542, and was not completed until the early 18th century in a variety of styles. Earthquakes in 1750 and 1818 destroyed the original facades and towers, which were restored with the present-day yellow-tiled twin spires that soon turned into accepted symbol of the city. Over a dozen altars and a number of 18th- and 19th century paintings adorn the otherwise dull interior.
Morelia Cathedral is a majestic baroque structure in pink trachyte stone that dominate the skyline of the city of Morelia in the state of Michoacan, Mexico. Its century long construction, which started in 1660, resulted in a mixture of architectural styles--Neo-Classical, Herreresque and Baroque. Among the remnants of former grandeur are the silver baptismal font in a side chapel and the 16th century statue of "Senor de la Sacrista." The gold crown on the statue was a present from Philip II, King of Spain.
Oaxaca Cathedral (Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption) in Oaxaca, Mexico was originally constructed in 1553. However, it has to be rebuilt a number of times, the most recent of which was in 1730, after going through earthquakes in the 16th and 18th century. The reconstruction is evidenced by its compact walls and disproportionate towers. The cathedral's main feature includes a superbly carved figure of the "Assumption of the Virgin Mary" above the main entrance of its beautiful Baroque façade and an impressive Italian-crafted bronze altar inside.
Consecrated in 1649 by Juan de Palafox, Bishop of the city of Puebla, the Puebla Cathedral was constructed in a blend of Renaissance and Baroque styles. It is the second largest cathedral in Mexico after Catedral Metropolitana. The cathedral has five naves and fourteen side chapels. The principal altar, designed by Manuel Tolsa in 1797, is set on the octagonal base held by eight pairs of Corinthian columns, topped by a dome in imitation of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Behind it is the "Altar de los Reyes," the dome of which was painted with "The Assumption of the Virgin" by Cristobal de Villapando in 1688.
See more sites of Mexico:
- The Enigmatic Chichén Itzá
- Teotihuacan, the Place Where Men Become Gods
- The Enchanting Mayan Ruins of Palenque
- The Magical Maya City of Uxmal
- The Monumental Zapotec City of Monte Alban
- Fascinating Tour Down the Puuc Route
- The Fantastic Rio Bec Maya Sites
- Grand Cathedrals of Mexico
- Great Museums in Mexico City